Saturday, September 3, 2011


 District Bahawalpur
Noor Mahal, the official residence of the Nawa...

Bahawalpur is famous for its Mahals
(Palaces) and Forts. Bahawalpur is
one of the largest districts of Punjab.
Most part of the district is covered
by Cholistan Desert/Rohi. Bahawalpur
is divided in following 5 tehsils:
  1. Bahawalpur
  2. Ahmedpur Sharqia (East)
  3. Yazman/ Yazman Mandi
  4. Hasilpur
  5. Khairpur Tamewali

Approximate population of Bahawalpur
is about 4 million.
Area of Bahawalpur is 24,830 km²

History of Bahawalpur:
Bahawalpur City was founded by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan-I in 1748 as Baghdad-ul-Jadidin City and was declared as Bahawalpur State in 1802 by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan-II. It was an independent state during British Era. Sir Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi-V decided to join his state with Pakistan on 7 October, 1947 and it was entirely merged in Pakistan after 7 years on 14 October, 1954. Abbaside Royal Family of Baghdad ruled over the state for about 200 years (1748-1954).

Tourism Spots in Bahawalpur:
Bahawalpur has very attraction for tourists and visitors from across the globe mainly from Pakistan, UAE and Saudi Arabia. Some of the main attractions of Bahawalpur are:

  • Noor Mahal
  • Darbar Mahal
  • Sadiq Ghar
  • Bahawalpur Museum
  • Derawar Fort
  • Lal Suhanra National Park
  • Zoological Garden
  • Bahawalpur Zoo
  • Uch Sharif Tomb

How to Reach Bahawalpur:
If you want to visit Bahawalpur, you can reach there by road, by train or by air.

Bahawalpur has pride of having many well known educational institutes like:
  • Islamia University of Bahawalpur
  • Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur
  • Sadiq Public School, Bahwalpur
  • Government College of Technology, Bahawalpur

Products of Bahawalpur:
High Quality Cotton, Wheat and Grams are the major agricultural products of the district. Bahawalpur is also famous for its handicrafts.
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Monday, August 29, 2011

Communications of Pakistan

Telephones in use: 4.546 million (2008) country comparison to the world: 33
Cellular Phones in use: 91.44 million (2009)
Telephone system: general assessment: the telecommunications infrastructure is improving dramatically with foreign and domestic investments in fixed-line and mobile networks; mobile-cellular subscribership has skyrocketed, reaching some 91 million in 2009, up from only about 300,000 in 2000; fiber systems are being constructed throughout the country to aid in network growth; main line availability has risen only marginally over the same period and there are still difficulties getting main line service to rural areas domestic: microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, fiber-optic cable, cellular, and satellite networks international: country code - 92; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 and SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable systems that provide links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); 3 operational international gateway exchanges (1 at Karachi and 2 at Islamabad); microwave radio relay to neighboring countries (2009)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 31, FM 68, shortwave NA (2006)
Television broadcast stations: 20 (5 state-run channels and 15 privately-owned satellite channels) (2006)
Internet country code: .pk
Internet hosts: 226,236 (2009)
Internet users: 18.5 million (2008)

Economy of Pakistan

Pakistan, an impoverished and underdeveloped country, has suffered from decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment. Between 2001-07, however, poverty levels decreased by 10%, as Islamabad steadily raised development spending. Between 2004-07, GDP growth in the 5-8% range was spurred by gains in the industrial and service sectors - despite severe electricity shortfalls - but growth slowed in 2008-09 and unemployment rose. Inflation remains the top concern among the public, jumping from 7.7% in 2007 to 20.8% in 2008, and 14.2% in 2009. In addition, the Pakistani rupee has depreciated since 2007 as a result of political and economic instability. The government agreed to an International Monetary Fund Standby Arrangement in November 2008 in response to a balance of payments crisis, but during 2009 its current account strengthened and foreign exchange reserves stabilized - largely because of lower oil prices and record remittances from workers abroad. Textiles account for most of Pakistan's export earnings, but Pakistan's failure to expand a viable export base for other manufactures have left the country vulnerable to shifts in world demand. Other long term challenges include expanding investment in education, healthcare, and electricity production, and reducing dependence on foreign donors.
GDP (purchasing power parity):GDP (purchasing power parity): $448.1 billion (2009 est.) $436.4 billion (2008 est.) $422 billion (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate):GDP (official exchange rate): $166.5 billion (2009 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2009 est.) 3.4% (2008 est.) 6% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,600 (2009 est.) $2,500 (2008 est.) $2,500 (2007 est.) note: data are in 2009 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 20.8% industry: 24.3% services: 54.9% (2009 est.)
Labor force: 55.88 million note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2009 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 43% industry: 20.3% services: 36.6% (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate: 15.2% (2009 est.) 13.6% (2008 est.) note: substantial underemployment exists
Population below poverty line: 24% (FY05/06 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.9% highest 10%: 26.5% (2005)
Distribution of family income - Gini index: 30.6 (FY07/08) 41 (FY98/99)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14.2% (2009 est.) 20.3% (2008 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):Investment (gross fixed): 18.1% of GDP (2009 est.)
Budget: revenues: $23.21 billion expenditures: $30.05 billion (2009 est.)
Public debt: 45.3% of GDP (2009 est.) 51.2% of GDP (2008 est.)
Agriculture - products: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs
Industries: textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Industrial production growth rate: -3.6% (2009 est.)
Electricity - production: 90.8 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 72.2 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.)
Oil - production: 61,870 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Oil - consumption: 383,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
Oil - exports: 30,090 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - imports: 319,500 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - proved reserves: 339 million bbl (1 January 2009 est.)
Natural gas - production: 37.5 billion cu m (2008 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 37.5 billion cu m (2008 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2008 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2008 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 885.3 billion cu m (1 January 2009 est.)
Current account balance: $-2.42 billion (2009 est.) $-15.68 billion (2008 est.)
Exports: $17.87 billion (2009 est.) $21.09 billion (2008 est.)
Exports - commodities: textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
Exports - partners: US 16%, UAE 11.7%, Afghanistan 8.6%, UK 4.5%, China 4.2% (2008)
Imports: $28.31 billion (2009 est.) $38.19 billion (2008 est.)
Imports - commodities: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea
Imports - partners: China 14.1%, Saudi Arabia 12%, UAE 11.2%, Kuwait 5.4%, India 4.8%, US 4.7%, Malaysia 4.1% (2008)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $15.68 billion (31 December 2009 est.) $8.903 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
Debt - external: $52.12 billion (31 December 2009 est.) $46.39 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $27.95 billion (31 December 2009 est.) $25.44 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $1.078 billion (31 December 2009 est.) $1.017 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $23.49 billion (31 December 2008) $70.26 billion (31 December 2007) $45.52 billion (31 December 2006)
Exchange rates: Pakistani rupees (PKR) per US dollar - 81.41 (2009), 70.64 (2008), 60.6295 (2007), 60.35 (2006), 59.515 (2005)

Government of Pakistan

Country name: conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan conventional short form: Pakistan local long form: Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan local short form: Pakistan former: West Pakistan
Government type: federal republic
Capital: name: Islamabad geographic coordinates: 33 42 N, 73 10 E time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, in 2009 - begins third Wednesday in April; ends first Sunday in November; note - a new policy of daylight saving time was initiated by the government in 2008; the specific date of the start of DST has varied over the last two years
Administrative divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Sindh note: the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region consists of two administrative entities: Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan
Independence: 14 August 1947 (from British India)
National holiday: Republic Day, 23 March (1956)
Constitution: 12 April 1973; suspended 5 July 1977, restored 30 December 1985; suspended 15 October 1999, restored in stages in 2002; amended 31 December 2003; suspended 3 November 2007; restored on 15 December 2007
Legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and non-Muslims
Executive branch: chief of state: President Asif Ali ZARDARI (since 9 September 2008) head of government: Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza GILANI (since 25 March 2008) cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president upon the advice of the prime minister elections: the president is elected by secret ballot through an Electoral College comprising the members of the Senate, National Assembly, and the provincial assemblies for a five-year term; election last held on 6 September 2008 (next to be held not later than 2013); note - any person who is a Muslim and not less than 45 years of age and is qualified to be elected as a member of the National Assembly can contest the presidential election; the prime minister is selected by the National Assembly; election last held on 24 March 2008 election results: Asif Ali ZARDARI elected president; ZARDARI 481 votes, SIDDIQUE 153 votes, SYED 44 votes; Syed Yousuf Raza GILANI elected prime minister; GILANI 264 votes, Pervaiz ELAHI 42 votes; several abstentions
Legislative branch: bicameral parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate (100 seats; members indirectly elected by provincial assemblies and the territories' representatives in the National Assembly to serve six-year terms; one half are elected every three years) and the National Assembly (342 seats; 272 members elected by popular vote; 60 seats reserved for women; 10 seats reserved for non-Muslims; serve five-year terms) elections: Senate - last held on 3 March 2009 (next to be held in March 2012); National Assembly - last held on 18 February 2008 with by-elections on 26 June 2008 (next to be held in 2013) election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPPP 27, PML-Q 21, MMA 9, PML-N 7, ANP 6, MQM 6, JUI-F 4, BNP-A 2, JWP 1, NPP 1, PKMAP 1, PML-F 1, PPP 1, independents 13; National Assembly - percent of votes by party - NA; seats by party - PPPP 124, PML-N 91, PML 54, MQM 25, ANP 13, MMA 7, PML-F 5, BNP-A 1, NPP 1, PPP-S 1, independents 17; note - 3 seats remain unfilled
Judicial branch: Supreme Court (justices appointed by the president); Federal Islamic or Sharia Court
Political parties and leaders: Awami National Party or ANP [Asfandyar Wali KHAN]; Balochistan National Party-Hayee Group or BNP-H [Dr. Hayee BALOCH]; Balochistan National Party-Awami or BNP-A [Moheem Khan BALOCH]; Balochistan National Party-Mengal or BNP-M [Sardar Ataullah MENGAL]; Jamhoori Watan Party or JWP; Jamiat Ahle Hadith or JAH [Sajid MIR]; Jamaat-i Islami or JI [Qazi Hussain AHMED]; Jamiat Ulema-i Islam Fazlur Rehman or JUI-F [Fazlur REHMAN]; Jamiat Ulema-i Islam Sami-ul HAQ or JUI-S [Sami ul-HAQ]; Jamiat Ulema-i Pakistan or JUP [Shah Faridul HAQ]; Muttahida Majlis-e Amal or MMA [Qazi Hussain AHMED]; Muttahida Qaumi Movement or MQM [Altaf HUSSAIN]; National Alliance or NA [Ghulam Mustapha JATOI] (merged with PML); National Peoples Party or NPP; Pakhtun Khwa Milli Awami Party or PKMAP [Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI]; Pakistan Awami Tehrik or PAT [Tahir ul QADRI]; Pakistan Muslim League-Functional or PML-F [Pir PAGARO]; Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz Sharif or PML-N [Nawaz SHARIF]; Pakistan Muslim League or PML [Chaudhry Shujaat HUSSAIN]; Pakistan Peoples Party-SHERPAO or PPP-S [Aftab Ahmed Khan SHERPAO]; Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians or PPPP [Bilawal Bhutto ZARDARI, chairman; Asif Ali ZARDARI, co-chairman]; Pakistan Tehrik-e Insaaf or PTI [Imran KHAN]; Tehrik-i Islami [Allama Sajid NAQVI] note: political alliances in Pakistan can shift frequently
Political pressure groups and leaders: other: military (most important political force); ulema (clergy); landowners; industrialists; small merchants
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Husain HAQQANI chancery: 3517 International Court, Washington, DC 20008 telephone: [1] (202) 243-6500 FAX: [1] (202) 686-1544 consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York, Sunnyvale (California) consulate(s): Chicago, Houston
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Anne W. PATTERSON embassy: Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, Islamabad mailing address: P. O. Box 1048, Unit 62200, APO AE 09812-2200 telephone: [92] (51) 208-0000 FAX: [92] (51) 2276427 consulate(s) general: Karachi consulate(s): Lahore, Peshawar

People of Pakistan

Population: 174,578,558 (July 2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 6
Age structure: 0-14 years: 37.2% (male 33,739,547/female 31,868,065) 15-64 years: 58.6% (male 52,849,607/female 50,378,198) 65 years and over: 4.2% (male 3,475,927/female 3,931,605) (2009 est.)
Median age: total: 20.8 years male: 20.6 years female: 21 years (2009 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.555% (2009 est.)
Birth rate: 25.89 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
Death rate: 7.21 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 67.36 deaths/1,000 live births male: 70.65 deaths/1,000 live births female: 63.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.26 years male: 63.51 years female: 67.11 years (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.43 children born/woman (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 96,000 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 5,100 (2007 est.)
Nationality: noun: Pakistani(s) adjective: Pakistani
Ethnic groups: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhagirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
Religions: Muslim 95% (Sunni 75%, Shia 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 5%
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 49.9% male: 63% female: 36% (2005 est.)

Geography of Pakistan

Controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north
Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E
Area: total: 796,095 sq km land: 770,875 sq km water: 25,220 sq km

Size comparison: slightly less than twice the size of California
Land Boundaries: total: 6,774 km border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km
Coastline: 1,046 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m
Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Land use: arable land: 24.44% permanent crops: 0.84% other: 74.72% (2005)
Irrigated land: 182,300 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
Current Environment Issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; most of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Pakistan, Population:


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