Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Jhelum District

History of JHELUM:
Jhelum is well known as city of soldiers or land of martyrs and warriors. Jhelum is a district of Punjab. Sohawa, Dina, Pind Dadan Khan and Jhelum are four tehsils of Jhelum district. Jhelum is also discussed in Mahabharata (Hindu Myth). The 16th-century Grand Trunk Road passes through the city. Jhelum city is near the site of the famous Battle of the Hydaspes between the armies of Alexander the Great and Raja Porus. Nearby Important and Famous Cities and Places are Gujrat, Mirpur (Azad Kashmir), Rawalpindi, Chakwal (Present district Chakwal was a tehsil of Jhelum until 1984).
Jhelum is the part of Rawalpindi division since British era.
Jhelum was the name of the favorite horse of Alexander the Great, which was died in battle against Raja Porus. In Greece “Jal” means water and “Hum” means cold.

Following rulers have ruled on Jhelum:
  • Raja Ashok Azam (272 b.c.)
  • Sultan Mehmood Ghazanvi
  • Shahab ud Din Ghori (Tomb of Shahab ud Din Ghori is in Jhelum, built by Dr. Abdul Qadir Khan)
  • Muhammad Bin Qasim
  • Sultan Al Tamash
  • Jalal ul Din Muhammad Akabr
  • Noor ud Din Jahangir
  • Maharaja Ranjeet Singh
Jhelum Cantonment:
A cantonment was built during the British rule, which has grown up into a strong Garrison, with an Infantry Division commanded by a Major General.

Military College Jhelum:
Military College Sarai Alamgir is also known as Military College Jhelum.

Tourism Spots in JHELUM:
  • Rohtas Fort is a stronghold fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pukhtun and Hindu architecture in the sub-continent.
  • Mangla Dam is the 12th largest dam of the world, located on Jhelum river 30 km away from Jhelum city.
  • Tilla Jogian
  • Alexander the Great Complex was built with the grant of Greece Government.
  • Khewrra Mines Kohistan Namak (Salt Mines)
  • CMH Masjid Jhelum, Zamir Jaffri Cricket Stadium, Altaf Park and Lehri Nature Park are famous and worth seeing places in Jhelum.
Hotels and Restaurants in JHELUM:
Tulip River View Hotel and Restaurant Jhelum is very good hotel situated on the banks of river Jhelum on main GT Road.

Schools in JHELUM:
  • Army Public School and College Jhelum Cantonment
  • Fauji Foundation Model School & College,Jhelum Cantt.
NGOs in JHELUM:
  • Civil Society Human and Institutional Development Program (CHIP), Sohawa
  • Education Welfare Society (EWS), Jhelum
  • Toor Welfare Trust, Jhelum
Hospitals and Clinics in JHELUM:
  • Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Jhelum
  • District Headquarter Hospital, Jada
  • Sughra Hospital, Jhelum Cantt
  • Shahid memorial trust hospital Jhelum
  • Al Karam Hospital, Civil Lines Jhelum
  • Noor-un-Nisa Hospital
  • Fazal Hospital, Civil Lines Jhelum
  • Mirza Hospital, Shandar Chowk Jhelum
Industries/ Jobs in Jhelum:
  • Pakistan Tobacco Company, Jhelum
  • KDC Plywood Factory, Jhelum
  • Pakistan ChipBoard Factory, Jhelum
  • Allience Textile Mill, Jhelum
  • Rani Ghee Mill, Jhelum
Tribes, Clans and Castes in Jhelum:
Gujjar, Janjua, Jutt, Awan, Gakhar, Kashmiri, Khokhar, Qureshi, Mughal, Syed, Shaikh and Rajput are living in Jhelum in a harmony.

Speeches in Jhelum:
Following national leaders have delivered their public speeches in Jhelum:
  • Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jennah
  • Fatima Jennah
  • Ayub Khan
Famous Military Personnel from Jhelum:
  • General Afzal Nawaz Janjua (Former Chief of Army Staff)
  • General Afzal Janjua (Former Director General ISI)
  • Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed "Nishan-e-Haider" (Proud Alamgirian)
  • Col Haq Nawaz kayani Saheed (Double Sitara-e-Jurat)
  • Lieutenant General Muhammad Masood Aslam, Sitara-e-Jurat
  • Admiral (R) Tariq Kamal Khan former Chief of Naval Staff Pakistan Navy
  • Squadron leader Abida Anwar (first lady psychologist in Pakistan armed forces)
  • Lt. Col. Umar Janjua (65FF) Sitara-e-Basalat (Operation Rah-e-Nijat)
Famous Writers, Poets, Journalists, Compares and Columnist of JHELUM:
  • Syed Zamir Jaffri (Poet)
  • Gulzar (Indian Poet)
Famous Politicians of JHELUM:
  • Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan (Pakistan Movement Activist)
  • Nawabzada Iqbal Mehdi Khan Janjua, (ex, MNA and minister for PML)
  • Raja Muhammad Afzal Khan, (ex. MNA for PML N)
  • Ch. Khadim Hussain, (ex. MPA and advisor to CM)
  • Raja Muhammad Khalid Khan (ex MPA and Minister)
  • Raja Muhammad Asad Khan, MNA PML N
  • Raja Muhammd Safdar Khan, MNA PML N
  • Chaudhry Farrukh Altaf, District Nazim of Jhelum
  • Dr Ghulam Hussain (Gen. Sec. PPP (S.B), Ex Federal Minister)
  • Ch Abid Ashrif Jotana (Tehsil Nazam)Pind Dadan khan.
  • Chaudhry Altaf Hussain, former Governor of Punjab
  • Dr. Hasnat Khan, (Friend of Lady Diana Princess of Wales)
Other Famous People and Legends of JHELUM:
  • Syed Waqar Azeem, Fakhr-e-Jhelum
  • Justice Iftikhar Hussain Chaudhry, Chief Justice of Lahore High Court
  • Lala Dhanpat Rai (Hon. Magistrate in British Government)
  • Inder Kumar Gujjral (ex. Indian Prime Minister)
  • Man Mohan Singh (ex. Indian Prime Minister)
  • Sunil Dutt (Father of Bollywood Actor/ Hero Sanjay Dutt)
    1. Daily Ammal Jhelum
    2. Weekly Naseem Jhelum
    3. Weekly Voice of Muslim Jhelum
    4. Daily Khair ul Amur Jhelum
    5. Weekly Jirga Jhelum

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